Family Medicine North  
     
     
Fat and Cholesterol Restricted Diet
 
 

Milk/Dairy (limit to 2-4 servings a day)

  • Allowed: Skim (nonfat) or 1% milk (liquid, powdered, evaporated), nonfat or low-fat yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese (2% fat or less), low-fat cheese (labeled 6 grams of fat or less per ounce); nonfat sour cream; nonfat cream cheese
  • Avoid: Whole milk (4% fat)(liquid, evaporated, condensed), 2% milk, cream, half and half, imitation milk products, most nondairy creamers, whipped toppings; whole milk yogurt; regular cottage cheese; goat’s milk cheese; sour cream; low fat cream cheese; low fat sour cream. NOTE: If 2% milk is used, decrease added fat by 1 teaspoon for each cup of milk.

Meat/Meat Substitute (limit to 5 oz a day from animal products; limit 4 egg yolks a week)

  • Allowed: Dried beans, split peas, lentils, pinto beans cooked without salt; poultry without the skin; fish; tuna packed in water; lean beef (extra lean ground beef, eye of round, sirloin, round tip, round, top round, tenderloin, top loin); lean pork (fresh not cured, tenderloin, leg, shoulder); lamb (arm, leg, loin, rib); shrimp or lobster (limit 3 oz per week); luncheon meats (1 gram fat or less per ounce); egg whites (2 egg whites=1 whole egg); low cholesterol egg substitutes.
  • Avoid: Fried meats or meat substitutes; fatty cuts of beef, pork or lamb. Goose, duck, liver, kidney, brains, or other organ meats; hot dogs, sausages, bacon; regular luncheon meats; peanut butter; egg yolks.

Breads and Grains (6-11 servings a day)

  • Allowed: Whole-grain breads (oatmeal, whole wheat, rye, bran, multigrain, etc.); rice; pasta; homemade baked goods low in fat; low fat crackers (ricecakes, popcorn cakes, Rye Krisp, melba toast, pretzels, breadsticks); hot or cold cereals (with 1 to 2 grams of fat or less per serving).
  • Avoid: High fat baked goods (pies, cakes, doughnuts, croissants, pastries, muffins, biscuits,); high fat crackers; egg noodles; granola type cereals; cereals with more than 2 grams of fat per serving; pasta and rice prepared with cream, butter or cheese sauces.

Vegetables (3-5 servings per day or more)

  • Allowed: Any fresh, frozen, canned or dried.
  • Avoid: Vegetables prepared in butter, cream, or other sauces; fried vegetables.

Fruits (4 servings per day or more)

  • Allowed: Any fresh, frozen, canned, or dried
  • Avoid: Coconuts, avocados, and olives

Desserts and Sweets (Limit to control calories)

  • Allowed: Sugar, jelly, jam, honey, molasses; low-fat frozen desserts (like sherbet, sorbet, ices, nonfat frozen yogurt, Popsicles); angel food cake; low-fat cakes and cookies (like vanilla wafers, graham crackers, ginger snaps); baking cocoa; low-fat candy (like jelly beans, hard candy).
  • Avoid: Ice cream, high fat cakes, pies and cookies (most commercially made); chocolate.

Beverages

  • Allowed: Juices, tea, coffee, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated drinks, most alcoholic beverages.
  • Avoid: Milkshakes; ice cream floats; eggnog; alcoholic beverages containing milk, cream, or coconut; commercially softened water as beverage or in food preparation.